Genetics, breeding, and genomics of Indian barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea): status and perspectives

Bhinda, M S and Joshi, D C and Parihar, M and Meena, R P and Joshi, P and Gupta, A and Kant, L and Sood, S (2023) Genetics, breeding, and genomics of Indian barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea): status and perspectives. In: Neglected and Underutilized Crops Future Smart Food. Elsevier, United Kingdom, pp. 115-135. ISBN 978-0-323-90537-4

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Recently, the potential of small millets in addressing food and nutritional security has been realized globally. However, compared with the efforts invested in improving major cereals, small millets have received little research attention. Indian barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea) is one of the prominent small millets, capable of ensuring food, feed, and nutritional security among the growing population and cope with the changing climate. Genetic variation for the traits of economic importance is well preserved in the ex situ collections in various international and national gene banks. Yet, utilization of these resources in trait improvement is often limited by poorly understood genetic mechanisms in Indian barnyard millet. Consequently, the genetic gain has been slower than expected for the traits of economic interest. Compared with conventional breeding approaches, the next-generation breeding coupled with high-throughput genomics could help in the development of genomic resources to dissect complex traits into their components, i.e., quantitative trait loci. Genomic resources are less elaborate in Indian barnyard millet due to associated ploidy complexity and narrow genetic base. This chapter summarizes the breeding, genomics, and nutritional aspects of Indian barnyard millet. International collaborative efforts toward improving agronomic traits, value addition, and trade value of Indian barnyard millet would not only help marginal farmers of southeast Asia but will also help to enhance the commercial value of this sturdy millet.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Global Research Program - Accelerated Crop Improvement
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genetics, breeding, genomics, barnyard millet, Echinochloa frumentacea
Subjects: Others > Plant Breeding
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2024 03:41
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2024 03:41
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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