Harnessing Sorghum Landraces to Breed High-Yielding, Grain Mold-Tolerant Cultivars With High Protein for Drought-Prone Environments

Nagesh Kumar, M V and Ramya, V and Govindaraj, M and Sameer Kumar, C V and Maheshwaramma, S and Gokenpally, S and Prabhakar, M and Krishna, H and Sridhar, M and Venkata Ramana, M and Avil Kumar, K and Jagadeeshwar, R (2021) Harnessing Sorghum Landraces to Breed High-Yielding, Grain Mold-Tolerant Cultivars With High Protein for Drought-Prone Environments. Frontiers in Plant Science (TSI), 12. ISSN 1664-462X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (18MB)


Intermittent drought and an incidence of grainmold disease are the twomajor constraints affecting sorghum production and productivity. The study aimed at developing drought-tolerant sorghum varieties possessing a high protein content and tolerance to grain mold with stable performance using additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) and genotype and genotype × environment interaction (GGE) biplot methods. Systematic hybridization among the 11 superior landraces resulted in subsequent pedigree-based breeding and selection from 2010 to 2015 evolved 19 promising varieties of grains such as white, yellow, and brown pericarp grains. These grain varieties were evaluated for their adaptability and stability for yield in 13 rainfed environments and for possessing tolerance to grain mold in three hot spot environments. A variety of yellow pericarp sorghum PYPS 2 (3,698 kg/ha; 14.52% protein; 10.70 mg/100 g Fe) possessing tolerance to grain mold was identified as a stable variety by using both AMMI and GGE analyses. Four mega-environments were identified for grain yield and fodder yield. Sorghum varieties PYPS 2, PYPS 4, PYPS 8, and PYPS 11 were highly stable in E2 with a low grain mold incidence. Besides meeting the nutritional demand of smallholder farmers under dryland conditions, these varieties are suitable for enhancing sorghum productivity under the present climate change scenario.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum, Landraces, Drought tolerance, Grain mold, G × E interaction, AMMI, GGE biplot
Subjects: Others > Drought Tolerance
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2021 07:08
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2021 07:08
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/11848
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.659874
Projects: Risk minimization in drought-prone Telangana districts through millet-based crop diversification
Funders: National Innovation on Climate Resilient Agriculture, ICAR-Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad
Acknowledgement: The authors are grateful to Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India for providing institutional support throughout the implementation of the project.
    View Statistics

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item