Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments

Varshney, R K and Shi, C and Thudi, M and Mariac, C and Wallace, J and Qi, P and Zhang, H and Zhao, Y and Wang, X and Rathore, A and Srivastava, R K and Chitikineni, A and Fan, G and Bajaj, P and Punnuri, S and Gupta, S K and Wang, H and Jiang, Y and Couderc, M and Katta, M A V S K and Paudel, D R and Mungra, K D and Chen, W and Harris-Shultz, K R and Garg, V and Desai, N and Doddamani, D and Kane, N A and Conner, J A and Ghatak, A and Chaturvedi, P and Subramaniam, S and Yadav, O P and Berthouly-Salazar, C and Hamidou, F and Wang, J and Liang, X and Clotault, J and Upadhyaya, H D and Cubry, P and Rhoné, B and Gueye, M C and Sunkar, R and Dupuy, C and Sparvoli, F and Cheng, S and Mahala, R S and Singh, B and Yadav, R S and Lyons, E and Datta, S K and Hash, C T and Devos, K M and Buckler, E and Bennetzen, J L and Paterson, A H and Ozias-Akins, P and Grando, S and Wang, J and Mohapatra, T and Weckwerth, W and Reif, J C and Liu, X and Vigouroux, Y and Xu, X (2017) Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments. Nature Biotechnology. pp. 1-13. ISSN 1087-0156

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Pearl millet [Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone] is a staple food for more than 90 million farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa, India and South Asia. We report the ~1.79 Gb draft whole genome sequence of reference genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5, which contains an estimated 38,579 genes. We highlight the substantial enrichment for wax biosynthesis genes, which may contribute to heat and drought tolerance in this crop. We resequenced and analyzed 994 pearl millet lines, enabling insights into population structure, genetic diversity and domestication. We use these resequencing data to establish marker trait associations for genomic selection, to define heterotic pools, and to predict hybrid performance. We believe that these resources should empower researchers and breeders to improve this important staple crop.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Research Program : Genetic Gains
Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pearl millet, genome sequence, agronomic traits, arid environments, global temperatures, climate change, heat tolerance, drought tolerance, draft genome, resequencing data, genetic improvement, semi-arid regions, dyland cereals, cereals, cereal crops, climate
Subjects: Others > Genetic Engineering
Others > Smart Foods
Others > Plant Breeding
Others > Cereals
Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Millets > Pearl Millet
Others > Drylands Agriculture
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Climate Change
Others > African Agriculture
Others > Drylands
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 06:38
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2018 04:27
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: We are thankful to several colleagues and collaborators especially X. Tan from The University of Georgia and C.T. Satyavathi from ICAR-All India Coordinated Research Project on Pearl Millet, for their help in analysis and interpretation of some data. This study was supported in part by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, USA (Grant ID# OPP1052922), Agence Nationale de la Recherche, France (Grant ID: ANR-13-BSV7-0017), and Basic Research Program from the Shenzhen Municipal Government, China (NO.JCYJ20150529150505656). This work has been undertaken as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals, ICRISAT, India. ICRISAT is a member of the CGIAR.
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