Sorghum, a crop of substance

ICRISAT, - (2004) Sorghum, a crop of substance. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics , Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India. ISBN 92-9066-473-8

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Abstract

Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench) is the fifth most important cereal crop by area after wheat, rice, maize and barley in the world. Traditionally, a staple food crop for millions of poor in the semi-arid tropics (SAT) of Africa and Asia, its importance as a fodder and feed crop for livestock steadily increased over the last decade or two. It is cultivated on marginal, fragile drought-prone environments in SAT. In mid- 1970s, the productivity levels of sorghum were <0.7 t ha-1 in Africa, <0.8 t ha-1 in Asia and <0.5 t ha-1 in India when the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) was established at Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India. Low productivity was the result of dependency on traditional cultivars and management practices and exacerbated by an array of biotic stresses (insect pests—shoot fly, stem borers, midge and headbugs; diseases—grain mold, anthracnose, rust, downy mildew, leaf blight and Striga); and abiotic stresses (drought and problematic soils—acidic and saline). ICRISAT, in close collaboration with the National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) in SAT, the Advanced Research Institutes (ARIs) and sister organizations of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) over the years has been engaged in improving the productivity of sorghum in various SAT regions through genetic improvement of sorghum coupled with integrated genetic and natural resources management approaches. These research efforts have led to many and diversified impacts; overall effect being the significantly improved livelihoods of resource-poor farmers and low-income people in SAT.

Item Type: Book
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CGIAR Research Programs: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2011 04:33
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2011 04:47
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/2126
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