Expression of Pennisetum glaucum Eukaryotic Translational Initiation Factor 4A (PgeIF4A) Confers Improved Drought, Salinity, and Oxidative Stress Tolerance in Groundnut

Bhadra Rao, T S R and Naresh, J V and Reddy, P S and Reddy, M K and Mallikarjuna, G (2017) Expression of Pennisetum glaucum Eukaryotic Translational Initiation Factor 4A (PgeIF4A) Confers Improved Drought, Salinity, and Oxidative Stress Tolerance in Groundnut. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8 (453). pp. 1-15. ISSN 1664-462X

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Eukaryotic translational initiation factor 4A belong to family of helicases, involved in multifunctional activities during stress and non-stress conditions. The eIF4A gene was isolated and cloned from semi-arid cereal crop of Pennisetum glaucum. In present study, the PgeIF4A gene was expressed under the regulation of stress inducible Arabidopsis rd29A promoter in groundnut (cv JL-24) with bar as a selectable marker. The de-embryonated cotyledons were infected with Agrobacterium tumefaciens (LBA4404) carrying rd29A:PgeIF4A construct and generated high frequency of multiple shoots in phosphinothricin medium. Twenty- four T0 plants showed integration of both nos-bar and rd29A-PgeIF4A gene cassettes in genome with expected amplification products of 429 and 654 bps, respectively. Transgene copy number integration was observed in five T0 transgenic plants through Southern blot analysis. Predicted Mendelian ratio of segregation (3:1) was noted in transgenic plants at T1 generation. The T2 homozygous lines (L1-5, L8-2, and L16-2) expressing PgeIF4A gene were exhibited superior growth performance with respect to phenotypic parameters like shoot length, tap root length, and lateral root formation under simulated drought and salinity stresses compared to the wild type. In addition, the chlorophyll retention was found to be higher in these plants compared to the control plants. The quantitative real time—PCR results confirmed higher expression of PgeIF4A gene in L1-5, L8-3, and L16-2 plants imposed with drought/salt stress. Further, the salt stress tolerance was associated with increase in oxidative stress markers, such as superoxide dismutase accumulation, reactive oxygen species scavenging, and membrane stability in transgenic plants. Taken together our results confirmed that the PgeIF4A gene expressing transgenic groundnut plants exhibited better adaptation to stress conditions.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
Uncontrolled Keywords: De-embryonated cotyledons, nos-bar, rd29A, PgeIF4A, JL-24, segregation, transcript analysis, groundnut, peanut, salt stress, drought, stress tolerance, salinity, oxidative stress
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2017 08:05
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2017 08:05
Official URL:
Funders: Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Government of Andhra Pradesh
Acknowledgement: Dr. J. S. Bentur: suggestions and corrections in MS, Prof. G. Pakki Reddy, Executive Director, ABF is specially acknowledged for his support.
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