Measuring Sustainable Intensification of Agricultural Productivity in Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT) of India – Case studies Synthesis Report

Kumara Charyulu, D and Moses Shyam, D and Kadiyala, M D M and Gumma, M K and Bantilan, M C S and Nedumaran, S and Srinivasa, S (2016) Measuring Sustainable Intensification of Agricultural Productivity in Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT) of India – Case studies Synthesis Report. Technical Report. ICRISAT, Patancheru, Telangana, India.

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Research Program : Asia

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The authors are highly thankful to CGIAR Consortium Research Program (CRP) on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) for providing the financial support to undertake this research activity. We sincerely acknowledge the technical support and guidance provided by Dr K Purna Chandra Rao, Former Principal Scientist (VLS), ICRISAT and Dr Piara Singh, Former Principal Scientist (Crop Modeling), ICRISAT. The authors are also thankful to anonymous reviewers of the report for sparing their valuable time and providing the constructive suggestions. Our special thanks are to Dr SP Wani, Director, Research Program on Asia and Dr KV Raju, Theme Leader on Policy and Impact for their motivation and encouragement for bringing this manuscript into existence. Last but not least, we owe all the respondent farmers for their cooperation during the surveys, their warm hospitality and for sparing their valuable time for us.


The very concept of sustainable intensification involves synthesis of two opposite forces. Intensification relates to the more intensive use of inputs to enhance the yields further. Sustainability looks at the longer term productivity of resources like land and water, which by its nature, applies brakes on the efforts to increase production by intensifying the use of inputs due to the fear that they may adversely impair the longer term productivity and resource quality/quantity. There may be a limited scope for increasing the use of inputs for realizing higher yields without impairing the longer term productivity of the critical resources. Sustainable intensification precisely looks at these limited opportunities. Over time, many researchers and institutions have used different contexts to define these terms. Very few researchers have attempted to systematically measure them on ground with selected cropping systems. The present study tried to use innovative approaches for generating profound evidences on sustainable intensification in semi-arid tropics of India with three dominant cropping systems located in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra states. The results are summarized in three case studies for better brevity of results and comparison.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sustainable Intensification, Agricultural Productivity, Semi-Arid Tropics, SAT, Case Studies
Subjects: Others > Agriculture
Others > Drylands Agriculture
Others > Indian Agriculture
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2017 07:56
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 06:32
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