Farmer Producer Organization in Andhra Pradesh: A Scoping Study. Rythu Kosam Project. Research Report IDC-16.

Raju, K V and Kumar, R and Vikraman, S and Shyam, M and Rupavatharam, S and Kumara Charyulu, D and Wani, S P (2017) Farmer Producer Organization in Andhra Pradesh: A Scoping Study. Rythu Kosam Project. Research Report IDC-16. Technical Report. ICRISAT, Patancheru.

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Research Program : Asia

Additional Information

We gratefully acknowledge the Government of Andhra Pradesh for providing us the opportunity to carry out this study, in particular, the support provided by the Honorable Chief Minister Sri N Chandrababu Naidu; Sri Prathipati Pulla Rao, Minister for Agriculture, Agri-Processing, Marketing and warehousing, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries and Chief Secretary SP Tucker. We sincerely thank Principal Secretaries and Secretaries for their enormous support, mainly, T. Vijay Kumar, former Special Chief Secretary, Agriculture department; Dr Manmohan Singh, Principal Secretary, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries department; Chiranjeev Chaudhari, Commissioner, Horticulture & Sericulture; Ram Shankar Naik, Commissioner, Fisheries department; all the senior officers of Agri and Allied departments; NABARD, NGOs specifically Basix, Vrutti, ALC, NESTHAM, Nilagiris. We highly appreciate the support provided by the executive committee members of Functional FPOs who cooperated during our field visits, executive committee members of Proposed FPOs and district level officers. We are also very grateful to the distinguished reviewers of this report, namely Prof Sukhpal Singh, IIMA, Prof Gopal Naik, IIMB and Dr K Raja Reddy, ANGRAU, Guntur for their valuable inputs and suggestions. We sincerely thank Dr David Bergvinson, Director General, ICRISAT, who relentlessly inspired the team. We are thankful to Suchita Vithlani for meticulous secretarial assistance in completing this study and Arun Seshadri for good copy editing. The Telugu version was translated by Drs K Raja Reddy, K Gurava Reddy, M Suresh Kumar and K Chinnam Naidu from Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. The document was reviewed by D Kumara Charyulu, ICRISAT.These profiles of farmer producer organizations (FPOs) are based on extensive field surveys conducted at the sites and discussions with stakeholders.


The declining profitability and rising risk associated with agriculture and allied its activities is being considered some of the major challenges in improving the livelihoods of the rural population in India. Mainly small and marginal farmers constitute the largest group of cultivators (about 85%) in Indian agriculture; having smaller than or about two hectares of operational holdings. The vulnerability to these households is largely attributed to lower scale of operation, lack of information, poor access to cheaper credit, weak participation in the consumers’ markets and consequently, exploitation by intermediaries in procuring inputs and marketing of their produce. A variety of approaches have emerged over the years to address these problems. Agricultural cooperatives, formed under the Co-operative Credit Societies Act, 1904, have long been the dominant form of farmer collectives; however, the experience with cooperatives point to many limitations, except few successful exceptions in the field of dairy farming. In recent years, collectivization of producers, especially small and marginal farmers, into producer organizations has emerged as one of the most effective pathways to address the many challenges of agriculture. Hence, on the recommendations of a high-power committee, the Government of India introduced the Companies (Amendment) Act 2002, which paved the way to Producer Companies (PCs)...

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Farmer Producer Organization, FPO, Andhra Pradesh, Farmers, Agriculture, FPOs, Case Studies
Subjects: Others > Agriculture
Others > Andhra Pradesh
Others > Rural Development
Others > Rural Economy
Others > Indian Agriculture
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2017 04:48
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2019 09:24
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