Are there “women’s crops”? A new tool for gender and agriculture

Orr, A and Homann-Kee Tui, S and Tsusaka, T W and Msere, H and Dube, T and Senda, T (2016) Are there “women’s crops”? A new tool for gender and agriculture. Development in Practice, 26 (8). pp. 984-997. ISSN 0961-4524

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A “Gender Control Tool” was developed to measure women’s control over decision-making for agricultural production, sales, and use of income. The tool was tested for groundnuts in Eastern Province, Zambia, where mechanisation has increased male participation in groundnut shelling, and for goats in Gwanda district, Zimbabwe, where the introduction of auctions has increased investment and sales. A mixed methods approach was used, that involved focus group discussions (FGDs) and a quantitative household survey. This article compares the results obtained from these two methods and discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the tool in understanding how commercialisation affects women’s control.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : East & Southern Africa
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environment (built and natural) – Agriculture; Gender and diversity; Methods; Sub-Saharan Africa; Gender and agriculture; Women; Smallholder agriculture; Africa; Gender Research
Subjects: Others > Agriculture
Others > Gender Research
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2016 05:45
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2017 03:58
Official URL:
Funders: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets
Acknowledgement: We thank Whytson Sakala and Rosie Hoare of the Eastern Province Farmers’ Cooperative (EPFC) for arranging visits to seed producer groups, and facilitating the household survey. Penias Maimisa and Janet Zulu facilitated the focus group discussions in Zambia, while Thabani Dube, Innocent Mhangarai, Mthulisi Maya, and Trinity Senda facilitated those in Zimbabwe. Finally, we thank the farmers who spared time to participate.
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