Livelihood system assessment and planning for poverty alleviation: a case of rainfed agriculture in Jharkhand

Petare, K J and Nayak, J and Jaini, V and Wani, S P (2016) Livelihood system assessment and planning for poverty alleviation: a case of rainfed agriculture in Jharkhand. Current Science, 110 (09). pp. 1773-1783. ISSN 0011-3891

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Agriculture is the major livelihood source of 75% of the population residing in the rural areas of Jharkhand. Agricultural production is not able to meet the demand, leading to food and nutritional security as a major challenge in the state. A majority of Jharkhand population is below poverty line. This calls for an urgent attention of the policy makers to undertake productivity enhancement initiatives considering the land, water and human resources. The potential of agriculture needs to be harnessed through science-led development using systematic planning and promoting holistic solutions. A new paradigm of science-led participatory research for development and holistic approach along with enabling policies and intuitions are needed to address the food and nutritional security along with improved livelihoods of the rural people. The present paper assesses the current resource base in Jharkhand, the potential of which could be harnessed. An effort is also made to analyse future scenarios based on the trends of population growth in the state. Business as usual approach would not be effective to meet the demand and to reduce the poverty.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food security, Jharkhand, livelihood, poverty, sustainable development, poverty alleviation, rainfed agriculture
Subjects: Others > Soil Science
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 10 May 2016 08:19
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 10:32
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: The study was carried out with the financial assistance of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The purpose of the study was to understand water poverty linkages in the rural Jharkhand. The authors executed the study as a representative of Collectives for Livelihood Initiatives (CInI), a nodal agency of Sir Ratan Tata Trust, Mumbai for its Central India Initiative Programme. CInI’s organizational support to conduct the study is duly acknowledged. The authors are grateful to all the community members, who provided their insights, which helped to understand the livelihood situation in rural Jharkhand.This article is part of a special edition on Soil and Water Management (Volume 110, Issue - 09, May 10, 2016)
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