Overview of hybrid pigeonpea seed production technology and its on-farm validation

Sawargaonkar, S L and Saxena, K B and Saxena, R K (2016) Overview of hybrid pigeonpea seed production technology and its on-farm validation. Plant Knowledge Journal (PKJ), 05 (01). pp. 13-17. ISSN 2200-5404

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Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is known for its high protein grains and it occupies an important place in subsistence agriculture of tropics and sub-tropics. The major constraint of the crop has been its low productivity. The recent emergence of hybrid technology in this crop has provided a platform for breaking its decades-old low yield plateau. In the last four years three CMS-based pigeonpea hybrids with 30-50% on-farm yield advantage were released in India. To increase the national pigeonpea production, now efforts are being made to take this technology to the door steps of farmers in a big way. To achieve this, an easy and economically viable seed production technology was successfully developed. This paper, besides describing the salient features of this technology, discusses results of its on-farm seed production program. On average, hybrid yields of over 1000 kg/ha were recorded with a seed-to-seed ratio of 1: 200. In the last two seasons the adoption of hybrid technology has shown very positive response from the cultivators with its planted area stands beyond 150,000 ha mark in 2015.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hybrids; On-farm validation; Pigeonpea; Seed production technology; Hybrid Seeds
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2016 05:53
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2016 05:53
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/9410
Official URL: http://www.sciencej.com/sawawgaon_5_1_2016_13_17.p...
Acknowledgement: Authors would like to extend their sincere thanks to staff of Agriculture Universities, Departments of Agriculture of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh and ICRISAT in providing support in the on-farm seed production programs and making the data available for this manuscript.
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