Identification of QTLs and Underlying Candidate Genes Controlling Grain Fe and Zn Concentration in Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L).Moench]

Kotla, A and Phuke, R and Hariprasanna, K and Mehtre, S P and Rathore, A and Radhika, K and Hash, C T and Reddy, B V S and Patil, J V and Jabeen, F and Shashikanth, D and Pagde, L S and Deshpande, S P and Ashok Kumar, A (2016) Identification of QTLs and Underlying Candidate Genes Controlling Grain Fe and Zn Concentration in Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L).Moench]. In: Plant and Animal Genome Conference XXIV, January 08 - 13, 2016, San Diego, CA.

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Biofortification is one of sustainable options for combating micronutrient-malnutrition. For identifying genomic regions associated with grain Fe and Zn in sorghum, RIL population (342 individuals) from cross 296B × PVK 801 was phenotyped for two years at three locations and genotyped with SSRs and DArTs. Highly significant genotype×environment interactions were observed for both micronutrients; grain Fe showed greater variation than Zn. Sorghum genetic map was constructed with 2088 markers (1148 DArTs, 927 DArT Seqs and 13 SSRs) covering 1355.52 cM with an average marker interval of 0.6cM. A total of 18 QTLs controlling Fe and Zn were found stable across environments. Three QTLs for Fe and 15 for Zn were identified with phenotypic variance explained (PVE) values ranging from 3.94 to 5.09% and 3.17 to 9.42%, respectively. Of these 18 stable QTLs, 11 were located on chromosome SBI-07. Favorable alleles for 11 QTLs (co-located) for Fe and Zn on chromosome SBI-07 were contributed by parent PVK801-P23. QTLs were analyzed in-silico to identify underlying candidate genes, 62 candidate genes involved in Fe/Zn metabolism were identified within QTL interval; twenty-three were found in QTL with highest phenotypic effect (PVE 9.42%). Sorghum genes underlying Fe/Zn QTLs were used to analyze gene synteny with rice and maize. Synteny sequence level between sorghum-rice ranged from 44% to 97%, while sorghum-maize ranged from 49% to 99%. QTLs/candidate/novel genes along with the marker/genetic resources identified through this study can help in developing high Fe and Zn lines in cost-effective and efficient manner.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Divisions: RP-Dryland Cereals
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals
Uncontrolled Keywords: QTLs, Sorghum, QTL mapping
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2016 09:07
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 09:07
Acknowledgement: We thank DBT (Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India) for providing funding to project on “Bio fortifying sorghum with high grain iron and zinc concentration for combating micronutrient malnutrition, (Project Code: BT/PR 1630/ AGR/2/806/2011)” for financial support.
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