Pest Management in Grain Legumes: Potential and Limitations

Sharma, H C and Manuele, T and Bouhssini, M E and Ranga Rao, G V (2016) Pest Management in Grain Legumes: Potential and Limitations. In: Integrated Pest Management in the Tropics. New India Publishing Agency, New Delhi, pp. 275-292.

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Grain legumes such as chickpea, pigeonpea, cowpea, field pea , lentil, , and Phaseolus beans are the principal source of dietary protein among vegetarians, and are an integral part of daily diet in several forms worldwide. They are an important component of cropping systems to maintain soil fertility because of their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, extract water and nutrients from the deeper layers of the soil as compared to cereals, and add organic matter into the soil through leaf drop. However, grain legumes are mainly grown under rainfed conditions and the productivity levels are quite low mainly because of severe losses due to insect pests and diseases. Average grain yield of pulses (0.86 t/ ha) is only about onefourth the average yields of cereals (3.54 t/ha). Production and productivity of grain legumes is constrained by several biotic and abiotic factors, and suffer an average of 31.9 to 69.6% loss in crop productivity due to insects, diseases, drought, weeds, and soil fertility. Pod borers (Helicoverpa and Maruca), Fusarium wilts, viral diseases, Ascochyta blight and Botrytis gray mold (Chen et al., 2011)...

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pest Management, Grain Legumes, Insect Pest Problems, Pesticides
Subjects: Others > Food Legumes
Others > Entomology
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2016 04:41
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2016 04:41
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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