Pigeonpea breeding in eastern and southern Africa: challenges and opportunities

Kaoneka, S R and Saxena, R K and Silim, S N and Odeny, D A and Ganga Rao, N V P R and Shimelis, H A and Siambi, M and Varshney, R K (2016) Pigeonpea breeding in eastern and southern Africa: challenges and opportunities. Plant Breeding, 135 (2). pp. 148-154. ISSN 1439-0523

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Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan [L.] Millspaugh) is an important multipurpose grain legume crop primarily grown in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa and Latin America. In Africa, the crop is grown for several purposes including food security, income generation, livestock feed and in agroforestry. Production in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) is however faced with many challenges including limited use of high-yielding cultivars, diseases and pests, drought, under-investment in research and lack of scientific expertise. The aim of this review is to highlight the challenges facing pigeonpea breeding research in ESA and the existing opportunities for improving the overall pigeonpea subsector in the region. We discuss the potential of the recently available pigeonpea genomic resources for accelerated molecular breeding, the prospects for conventional breeding and commercial hybrid pigeonpea, and the relevant seed policies, among others, which are viewed as opportunities to enhance pigeonpea productivity.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Africa; Cajanus Cajan;Climate Change;Food Security; Pigeonpea Breeding; Pigeonpea; Breeing
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2016 07:56
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2016 09:00
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/9308
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12340
Acknowledgement: Authors are thankful to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID); Biotechnology Industry Partnership Programme (BIPP), Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Government of India, and ICRISAT for funding various projects related to pigeonpea genomics at ICRISAT. This work has been undertaken as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes. ICRISAT is a member of CGIAR Consortium.
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