The "Efficient Boundaries" of International Agricultural Research: A Conceptual Framework with Empirical Illustrations

Kamanda, J and Birner, R and Bantilan, C (2015) The "Efficient Boundaries" of International Agricultural Research: A Conceptual Framework with Empirical Illustrations. In: International Association of Agricultural Economists, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy.

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The role of international agricultural research centers (IARCs) has long been a subject of discussion, often with emphasis that they should conduct research that produces international public goods (IPGs). However, centers still face a dilemma on how to balance between IPGs and location-specific work. This paper contributes to the development of principles by which they should position themselves. Transaction cost economics was applied to develop a framework, which is then illustrated with an empirical case study of legume research at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. A participatory mapping technique (Net-Map) was combined with key informant interviews in India, Malawi and Ethiopia. We find that IARCS play an important role in germplasm improvement, the field in which they have a comparative advantage. However, due to insufficient capacity of national systems, they also engage in downstream activities. This reduces incentives for governments and donors to overcome governance challenges.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: CGIAR, Agricultural innovation, Comparative advantage, Research spillovers, Transaction costs
Subjects: Others
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2015 09:50
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2015 09:50
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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