Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Reducing Pesticide Residues in Crops and Natural Resources

Ranga Rao, G V and Ratna Kumari, B and Sahrawat, K L and Wani, S P (2015) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) for Reducing Pesticide Residues in Crops and Natural Resources. In: New Horizons in Insect Science: Towards Sustainable Pest Management. Springer India, India, pp. 397-412. ISBN 978-81-322-2089-3

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Investigation on the pesticide residues during 2006–2009 in various crops and natural resources (soil and water) in the study village (Kothapally, Telangana State (TS)) indicated the presence of a wide range of insecticidal residues. Pooled data of the 80 food crop and cotton samples, two rice grain samples (3 %) showed beta endosulfan residues, and two (3 %) soil samples showed alpha and beta endosulfan residues. In vegetables of the 75 tomato samples, 26 (35 %) were found contaminated with residues of which 4 % had residues above MRLs. Among the 80 brinjal samples, 46 (56 %) had residues, of these 4 % samples had residues above MRLs. Only 13 soil samples from vegetable fields were found contaminated. The frequency of contamination in brinjal fields was high and none of the pulses and cotton samples revealed any pesticide contamination. IPM fields showed substantial reduction sprays which in-turn reflected in lower residues. Initial studies on water analysis indicated the presence of residues in all water sources with higher in bore wells compared to open wells, however, by 2009 the water bodies reflected no residues above the detectable level.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: RP-Resilient Dryland Systems
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pesticide, Crops, Natural resources, Kothapally, Insecticidal residues, Pesticide contamination
Subjects: Others > Soil Science
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 05 May 2015 09:21
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 08:36
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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