Rural non-farm economy in Bangladesh: nature, extent, trends and determinants

Pramanik, S and Deb, U and Bantilan, C (2014) Rural non-farm economy in Bangladesh: nature, extent, trends and determinants. In: Paper presented at the 8th Conference of the Asian Society of Agricultural Economists (ASAE), October 15-17, 2014, BRAC Centre for Development Management (BRAC-CDM), Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. (Unpublished)

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Recent literatures suggest increased importance of non-farm economic activities as a source of rural livelihoods in many Asian countries. This study examines the recent trends in rural non-farm (RNF) economic activities in Bangladesh. Relative importance of the non-farm sector for rural livelihoods and their linkages with farming actives are investigated. Rural non-farm activities are of many different types. This study has documented all different types of RNF activities, the level of diversity in RNF activities and their determinants. We have also tried to understand the participation behaviours of household members in non-farm employment and factors which enables or retard them to engage in RNF activities. The study is based on household level panel data collected under the Village Dynamics Studies in South Asia (VDSA) project from 500 household for three years (2010 to 2012). Sample households are located in 12 villages spanning over 11 districts in Bangladesh. . The 12 study villages and sample households come from a number of agro-ecological zones and represent varied infrastructure and socio-economic conditions in Bangladesh. Both descriptive and econometric analyses are carried out to examine the above mentioned issues. Role of land ownership, education level of household head, family size, sex of head, asset ownership, and access to credit etc. in the process of participation and intensity of participation in RNF activities was examined using Probit and Tobit model, respectively. The study revealed significant increase in RNF activities over time. However, the extent and growth in RNF activities varied across villages. Households have increasingly been using RNF activities as multi-occupation strategy for sustaining their livelihoods

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rural non-farm economy, livelihood, Panel data, Probit and Tobit regressions
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2014 07:37
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2014 07:37
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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