Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanut: An Introduction

Mallikarjuna, N and Varshney, R K (2014) Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanut: An Introduction. In: Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanuts. Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants . CRC Press, pp. 1-12. ISBN 978-1-4822-3835-8 ; 978-1-4822-3837-2

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Peanut stands second to soybean in both area and production in the world among legume oilseeds crops and is grown in >100 countries. Genetic barriers "have-not allowed sharing of useful alleles from wild relatives leaving the primary gene pool with a very narrow genetic base. Improving pod yield and oil content have been the main focus, along with providing resistance/tolerance against important biotic/abiotic stresses. Realizing the ever increasing demand among consumers, productivity needs to be increased significantly without compromising the oil quality and providing defense shield against biotic and abiotic stress. It is very difficult to achieve the above milestones without integrating the modern genomics tools with conventional breeding programs. The last decade witnessed significant progress in terms of genomic resources'and molecular breeding activities. The objective of this book is to critically review the current updates on different aspects of peanut such as germplasm collections, genetics, genomics, transcriptomics, bioinformatics together with traditional and molecular breeding. The book also summarizes the success stories achieved through trait mapping and application of molecular markers in improving important traits. This chapter provides highlights of different chapters which are expected to be a good resource for young researchers, breeders and policy makers for employing better strategies towards food security.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
Series Name: Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peanut, Groundnut, Arachis, Allotetraploid, Amphidiploid, Synthetic, Genepool, Peanut improvement
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2014 10:53
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2014 10:53
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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