Transgenic Interventions in Peanut Crop Improvement

Sunkara, S and Bhatnagar-Mathur, P and Sharma, K K (2014) Transgenic Interventions in Peanut Crop Improvement. In: Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanuts. Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants . CRC Press, pp. 178-215. ISBN 978-1-4822-3835-8 ; 978-1-4822-3837-2

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Legumes rank third in world crop production in which the major constraint to crop productivity is attributed to biotic and abiotic stress. Peanut, also knows as groundnut (arachis hypogaea L.) is a major oilseed crop in the world, both for oil and as a protein source. Host plant resistance provides the most effective and economic option to manage stress tolerance in peanut which is also time consuming involving expensive agronomic practices. However , for many biotice and abiotic stresses, effective resistance gene(s) in cultivated peanut have not been identified. Success in breeding for better adapted varieties to biotic/abiotic stresses depend upon the combined efforts of various research domains like plant and cell physiology, molecular biology, genetics and breeding. Moreover, availability of known genotypes with natural resistance to stresses is a prerequisite for the successful breeding program. With a few exceptions, crop improvement in peanut programs through conventional breeding has received little progress.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
Series Name: Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Crop Plants
Uncontrolled Keywords: Transgenic breeding, Genetic transformation, Regeneration, Somantic embryogenesis, Genetically modified plants, Overexpression, Gene silencing, RNAi technology
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2014 05:20
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2014 08:22
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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