Soilborne Diseases and their Control

Kraft, J M and Haware, M P and Halila, H and Sweetingham, M and Bayaa, B (2000) Soilborne Diseases and their Control. In: Linking Research and Marketing Opportunities for Pulses in the 21st Century. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 457-466. ISBN 0-7923-5565-2

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Seed and seedling diseases, root rots, and wilts are caused by a number of soilborne fungi, all of which are facultative saprophytes and can survive in soil for long periods in the absence of a susceptible host. In general, these diseases are serious yield constraints where short rotations or monoculture of legume crops are the rule. Seedling diseases and root rots are enhanced by poor seed vigor, poor seedbed preparation, and other biotic and abiotic stresses which predispose the host plant. Control of these diseases requires an integrated approach of genetic resistance/tolerance, cultural practices, appropriate seed treatments, and high seed vigor. The most economical and durable control of Fusarium wilt is to grow resistant varieties. New races of a wilt pathogen have arisen due to increased selection pressure from growing resistant varieties in short rotations but have not outpaced the development of resistant cultivars.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Others > Soil Science
Others > Entomology
Depositing User: Mr B K Murthy
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2014 09:42
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2014 09:42
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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