Screening sorghum genotypes for salinity tolerant biomass production

Krishnamurthy, L and Serraj, R and Hash, C T and Dakheel, A J and Reddy, B V S (2007) Screening sorghum genotypes for salinity tolerant biomass production. Euphytica, 156 (1-2). pp. 15-24. ISSN 0014-2336

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Genetic improvement of salt tolerance is of high importance due to the extent and the constant increase in salt affected areas. Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] has been considered relatively more salt tolerant than maize and has the potential as a grain and fodder crop for salt affected areas. One hundred sorghum genotypes were screened for salinity tolerance in pots containing Alfisol and initially irrigated with a 250-mM NaCl solution in a randomized block design with three replications. Subsequently 46 selected genotypes were assessed in a second trial to confirm their responses to salinity. Substantial variation in shoot biomass ratio was identified among the genotypes. The performance of genotypes was consistent across experiments. Seven salinity tolerant and ten salinity sensitive genotypes are reported. Relative shoot lengths of seedlings were genetically correlated to the shoot biomass ratios at all stages of sampling though the relationships were not close enough to use the trait as a selection criterion. In general, the whole-plant tolerance to salinity resulted in reduced shoot Na+ concentration. The K+/Na+ and Ca2+/Na+ ratios were also positively related to tolerance but with a lesser r 2. Therefore, it is concluded that genotypic diversity exists for salt tolerance biomass production and that Na+ exclusion from the shoot may be a major mechanism involved in that tolerance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2011 06:41
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2012 12:49
Official URL:
Funders: OPEC Fund for International Development
Acknowledgement: This research was supported partly by OPEC Fund for International Development assigned to biotechnology-assisted improvement in salinity tolerance through the GT-Biotechnology of ICRISAT. The authors gratefully acknowledge the guidance on statistics provided by Dr Subhash Chandra, Principal Scientist (Biometrics and Bioinformatics), ICRISAT and the useful comments and suggestions given by Dr Vincent Vadez and Dr F.R. Bidinger, Consultant Physiologist, Crop Physiology to improve the manuscript.
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