Breeding Chickpea for Improved Adaptation to the Semi-Arid Tropical Environments

Gaur, P M and Srivastava, R K and Gowda, C L L and Pande, S and Sharma, H C and Sharma, K K and Vadez, V and Kashiwagi, J and Krishnamurthy, L and Varshney, R K and Hoisington, D A (2007) Breeding Chickpea for Improved Adaptation to the Semi-Arid Tropical Environments. In: Sustainable Agriculture for Food, Bio-Energy and Livelihood Security. Agrobios International.

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Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), also known as Garbanzo bean or Bengal gram, is the second most cultivated grain legume grown globally after dry bean (FAOSTAT data, 2007). It is cultivated annually on an area of about 10 million hectares over 50 countries. Over 80% of its area is in the semi-arid tropics (SAT) that encompass most of south Asia, parts of southeast Asia, a swathe across sub-Saharan Africa, much of southern and eastern Africa, and parts of Latin America. These regions are characterized by high atmospheric water demand, a high mean annual temperature, limited and erratic monsoonal rainfall, and nutrient poor soils. The major constraints to chickpea production in SAT include terminal drought and heat stresses, fusarium wilt and Helicoverpa pod borer. Soil salinity is also a major constraint to adaptation of chickpea in some areas, particularly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran and Australia. High instances of dry root rot are reported from Sub- Saharan Africa and India....

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2013 11:07
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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