Environmental Impact of Microbial Pesticides

Vimala Devi, P S and Ranga Rao, G V and Gopalakrishnan, S and Sivakumar, G (2012) Environmental Impact of Microbial Pesticides. In: Environmental Safety of Biotech and Conventional IPM Technologies. Studium Press LLC, pp. 261-272. ISBN 1-933699-68-X

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Biological control constitutes an important component of integrated pest management (IPM). However, the non-availability o f efficient biocontrol agents is one of the major constraints in adopting IPM practices. Microbial control, which makes use o f naturally occurring microbes to control insect pests, pathogens, and weeds, is less harmful to nontarget organisms and the environment than the chemical pesticides. Microbials are promising alternatives to chemical pesticides and have opened up new vistas in insect pest management to aid promotion o f safe, eco-friendly pest management. The use o f microbial pesticides in pest management is quite limited because o f lack of appropriate formulations and the availability of quality products to the farmers. Since 2006, the registration o f the microbial pesticides for commercial purposes has been made mandatory in India. It warrants information on toxicological results against mammals and eco-toxicity data on nontargets such as fishes, birds, earthworms, honeybees, and silkworm. The data is to be generated with technical product and the formulation of every strain intended for commercialization. It is also mandatory to generate data on the safety of the formulation to natural enemies along with data on the bioefficacy and phytotoxicity to the crop. Fourteen primary microbial pesticide products and their formulations have been registered in India by 2009. There are 478 products o f the 14 microbial pesticides registered in India. There are 184 products for the management of plant pathogens

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Fertilizer Applications
Others > Entomology
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2013 14:10
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2013 03:14
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6559
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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