Land Use Planning in Integrated Watershed Development Program for Improving Livelihoods

Wani, S P and Sidhu, G S (2009) Land Use Planning in Integrated Watershed Development Program for Improving Livelihoods. In: Soil Science in Meeting the Challenges to Food Security and Environmental Quality, December 22-25, 2009, IARI Campus, New Delhi.

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Globally, rain-fed agriculture plays an important role to achieve food security (Rockstrom et al. 2007) as 80% of the world’s agricultural land area is rainfed and generates 58% of the world’s staple foods (SIWI 2001). Most food for poor communities in the developing countries is produced in rain-fed areas for e.g. in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) more than 95% of the farmed land is rain-fed, whereas the corresponding figure for Latin America is nearly 90%, for South Asia about 60%, for East Asia 65% and for Near East and North Africa 75%. In India, 60% of 142 million ha (Mha) arable land is rain-fed. The rain-fed areas are the hot spots of poverty, malnutrition, water scarcity, severe land degradation; and the investments in the rainfed agriculture pose serious challenges as large numbers of households are small land holders (Wani et al. 2009). These areas are also prone to more adverse impacts of climate change due to lack of technologies and necessary resource to cope with the challenges of global warming.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Integrated Watershed Management, LUP, rain-fed agriculture
Subjects: Others > Watershed Management
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2012 08:00
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2012 08:01
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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