Soil Health Improvement with Gliricidia Green Leaf Manuring in Rainfed Agriculture:On Farm Experiences

Srinivasa Rao, Ch and et al, . (2011) Soil Health Improvement with Gliricidia Green Leaf Manuring in Rainfed Agriculture:On Farm Experiences. Documentation. Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad, India.

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The partnership of the consortium (CRlDA, SAIRD, MARl, BAlF, KV K, Adilabad, MKRUTI, ANGRAU, ICRISAT, CWS) in the eight districts in collecting and analyzing the soil samples is gratefully acknowledged. Thanks are also due to the farmers who willingly shared information with the project team during the course of the investigation.


Enrichment of soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks through sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in agricultural soils is important because of its impacts on soil health, agronomic production, as well as adaptation and mitigation of climate change. A high SOC concentration can be achieved through the adoption of appropriate crop rotations, integrated nutrient management systems and conservation agriculture practices. In arid and semi-arid regions, crop productivity is strongly influenced by soil fertility and moisture retention capacity. Therefore, restoring soil health and enhancing SOC stocks are essential for improving and sustaining agronomic productivity. In India, rainfed cropping is practiced on 80 Mha in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid climatic zones, constituting nearly 60% of the net cultivated area. These regions are characterized by erratic rainfall, degraded soils, poor infrastructure and tropical or subtropical environments where ambient temperature rises frequently above 40-4SoC in summer. The magnitude of change in SOC due to continuous cultivation depends on the balance between the loss of C by oxidation and erosion, the quantity and quality of crop residues returned and additional biomass C added to the soils. Therefore, crop and soil management practices must be designed to ensure sustainability of long term cropping systems. There are several strategies to improve soil carbon status. Gliricidia green leaf manuring is one of the important strategies that improves soil organic carbon, adds soil nutrients, enhances soil moisture storage as a consequence of which the crops can cope with intermittent droughts, as well as biological health of the soil. I congratulate the authors for documenting this commendable action research that focused on promoting Gliricidia green leaf manuring on farmers fields in degraded lands in 8 rain£ed tribal districts of Andhra Pradesh and several other regions. This bulletin will be of immense use to field level workers, administrators, policy makers etc for promoting Gliricidia leaf manuring on farm bunds and waste lands and on-farm generation of organic matter to improve soil health and sustainability of rainfed systems in India.

Item Type: Monograph (Documentation)
Subjects: Others > Soil Science
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2012 08:57
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2012 08:57
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