Semi-arid Crop Responses to Atmospheric Elevated CO2

Ratnakumar, P and Vadez, V and Krishnamurthy, L and Rajendrudu, G (2011) Semi-arid Crop Responses to Atmospheric Elevated CO2. Plant Stress( Special Issue1). pp. 42-51. ISSN 1749-0359

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Invited Mini-Review: Semi-arid tropics host most of the poor and small-holding farmers of the developing world. Global warming is seen largely as a consequence of continuous increase in the emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere leading to unusual changes in global temperatures and rainfall patterns. This in turn is expected to increase the water scarcity in the environment, affecting plant growth and metabolism. In this context, we reviewed semi-arid crop responses to elevated CO2 levels in terms of growth, yield components, physiological, biochemical and molecular changes. Predicted rise of carbon-dioxide in the atmosphere may benefit the plants by increasing the crop water use efficiency and net photosynthesis leading to greater biomass, yield and harvest index. C3 and C4 crop plants vary in their degree of response to elevated CO2, which will likely affect the proportion of land area occupied by these crops in future. Stomatal conductance will probably be reduced at higher CO2 concentrations reducing transpiration per unit leaf area and consequently increasing the leaf temperature. The high CO2 is an ameliorative of the adverse effects of drought and acts by altering the plant, biochemical and molecular systems. Understanding of the direct effects of elevated CO2 and its interactions with the other climate variables is needed in order to predict the impact of climate change scenarios on crop growth and food security in future.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Climate Change
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2012 06:26
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2012 06:26
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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