Introduction.Sorghum Genetic Enhancement: Research Process

Bantilan, M C S and Deb, U K and Gowda, C L L and Reddy, B V S and Obilana, A B and Evenson, R E (2004) Introduction.Sorghum Genetic Enhancement: Research Process. In: Sorghum Genetic Enhancement: Research Process. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India, pp. 5-18. ISBN 92-9066-470-3

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Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is the fifth most important cereal crop in the world, after wheat, maize, rice and barley. It is cultivated in wide geographic areas in the Americas, Africa, Asia and the Pacific. It is the second major crop (after maize) across all agroecologies in Africa. It is the third important cereal (after rice and wheat ) in India. Sorghum was grown in 100 countries of the world in the year 2003, covering an area of approximately 44 million ha with grain production of 59 million t and average productivity of 1.34 t ha-1 (FAO website: Sorghum occupies 24 m ha in Africa (mostly in Ethiopia, Mali, Nigeria and Sudan), 12 m ha in Asia (China, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Thailand and Yemen), 3.5 m ha in Central and South America (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Honduras, Mexico and Venezuela), 3.1 m ha in the USA and 0.5 m ha in Australia. Asia and Africa together contributed about 59% (34.5 million t) of the total world production in 2003. The crop is mainly grown in tropical and subtropical areas where agroclimatic conditions such as rainfall, soil and temperature are variable. Much of the crop is produced in the more marginal and stress-prone areas of the semi-arid tropics (SAT), mainly on smallholdings.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2011 03:36
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2013 08:47
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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