Jatropha and Pongamia Rainfed Plantations on Wastelands in India for Improved Livelihoods and Protecting Environment

Sreedevi, T K and Wani, S P and Srinivasa Rao, Ch and Chaliganti, R and Reddy, R L (2009) Jatropha and Pongamia Rainfed Plantations on Wastelands in India for Improved Livelihoods and Protecting Environment. In: 6th International Biofuels Conference, 4-5 March 2009, New Delhi, India.

PDF - Published Version
Download (6MB) | Preview


Jatropha and Pangamia as biodiesel plantations are promoted by a large number of developing and developed countries as a source for generating biodiesel. Achieving food security, meeting the demand for sufficient food production to cater to the growing demographic pressures the competitive demand for water and its scarcity, calls for consideration of the fact that good, productive lands used for food production cannot be diverted for Jatropha and Pongamia cultivation. Results from literature also suggest that when Jatropha is grown on good quality lands, with irrigation and intercropping with baby corn, it is not economically superior to the sole cultivation of baby corn. In order to improve livelihoods of the rural poor by providing opportunities for additional income from Jatropha and Pongamia plantations, ICRISAT in partnership with Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and Community Based Organizations (CBOs) has developed a model to rehabilitate degraded common lands in a village. Three hundred ha of Jatropha plantation, which is three years old, I,as stOlied producing yield. The grain yield fram the third year onwards was 100 kg per ha and was expected to reach upto 1000 kg per ha by the sixth year. Growing intercrops on areas where good soil existed provided additional income for the farmers. The Jatropha and Pongamia plantations on waste lands have not only created employment in the rural areas but also provided additional sources of income through usufruct rights, by selling Jatropha seeds. Other impacts in terms of social capital development, building of institutions in the villages, improving soil health through recycling 01 organic matter and enhanced soil water conservation measures, reduced soil erosion and land degradation were also recorded. With the unique institutional mechanisms adopted in this model for development of CPRs through collective action, landless people were organized into self- help groups and took up labour work in the development of degraded common property resources, such as soil and water conservation measures, supported by the project. The District administration of the Government of Andhra Pradesh gave them usufruct rights over the plantation for harvesting the produce. Farmers are growing good quality grass and suppolting their livestock and feed requirements from grass grown in-between the rows of plantations. Now, with the support of GTZ and Kirlosker Engineering Pvt Ltd., we are operationalizing a value-chain model for extracting oil through decentralized electricity generation in the village. This model plantation of 300 ha in two villages has set a live example of how degraded lands can successfu lly be used for praducing Jatropha and Pongamia, without sacrificing good quality land and food security, which is very critical. Results of the social, economic and environmental impacts from this novel, collective action model of required degraded lands, are discussed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Others > Watershed Management
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Jatropha
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2011 12:21
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2011 12:21
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/4717
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item