Development, Integration and Dissemination of Resource Conservation Options through Community Watershed Approach

Wani, S P and Sreedevi, T K and Joshi, P K and Venkateswarlu, B (2009) Development, Integration and Dissemination of Resource Conservation Options through Community Watershed Approach. In: 4th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture Innovations for Improving Efficiency, Equity and Environment, 4-7 February 2009, New Deihl, India.

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Dryland areas in the tropics are hot spots of poverty as well as severe land degradation and water scarcity. In order to achieve the food security for millions of rural poor, it is critical to enhance the productivity of rainted agriculture through conservation of natural resources such as water and land. The Comprehensve Assessment of Water for Food and Water for Life has demonstrated that potential of rainted agriculture of doubling the productivity can be harnessed by adopting integrated approach through watershed management. Assessment of watershed impacts in India revealed that watershed approach can be applied in all rainfed areas with suitable modifications of interventions or economically beneficial and rainted agriculture can be upgraded by enhancing the effectiveness of 68% of the watershed prajecrs which are perlorming below average. The new paradigm tor unlocking the potentia! of rainted agriculture IS by adopting community watershed management approach as a business model through convergence and linking of farmers to the markets, efficient use of conserved natural resources for enhancing tile productivity by adopting IGNRM approach and improving community participation through capacity building and ensuring tangible economic benefits. Capacity building has been identified as a weakest link for scaling-up the watershed programs and national strategy for quality capacity building measures through consortium of quality setvice providers with suitable quality indicators is recommended. Consetvation agriculture can be operationalized through watershed approach for improving the livelihoods of rural poor by unlocking the potential of rainfed agriculture.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community Watershed, Resource conservation, Rainfed agriculture, integrated approach, Livelihood, scaling-up.
Subjects: Others > Watershed Management
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2011 10:58
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2011 10:58
Acknowledgement: We acknowledge the help of number of community based organizations in different watersheds who undertook PR&D. Financial support provided by the Government of India, Asian Development Bank (AD B), Manila, The Phillippines, DFID, through APRLP (Andhra Pradesh Rural Livelihood Project), Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, Mumbai and World Bank supported Sujala Watershed Program of Government of Karnataka.
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