Limits Imposed by Management in Rainfed Farming Systems

Patanothai, A and Ong, C K (1986) Limits Imposed by Management in Rainfed Farming Systems. In: Food Legume Improvement for Asian Farming Systems.Proceedings of an international workshop, 1-5 September 1986, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

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WHEN the Asian Productivity Organization (APO) held a meeting in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in November 1980 to discuss the production of food legumes in Asia, it highlighted that over the previous decade food legume production in the region had remained constant or declined despite growing demand (Suzuki and Konno 1982). The symposium attributed the slow growth in production to slow expansion in the area planted to food legumes, and to low yield per unit area. Poor economic returns and unfavourable government policy towards legumes relative to other crops like rice and wheat discouraged ex~ansionin the area cultivated. while low prod-uctiviiy was blamed on inadequate water (mostly rainfed crops), marginal land, and low production inputs, e.g. fertilisers, disease and insect control. A meeting (organised by ACIAR, ICRISAT, and IRRI) was then held at ICRISAT Centre in December 1985 to review the progress on Asian Regional Research on Grain Legumes (ARRGL) and to develop plans for future cooperation. It was revealed that much of the food legumes are still rainfed and grown on marginal lands. In India, rainfed agriculture represents 75% of the arable land or 108 million hectares, and even if current efforts to bring more area under irrigation were successful, at least 45% of the arable area will remain rainfed by the year 2000 (Guatam 1P83). The situation is more or less the same in most Asian countries. Clearly, if a significant increase in food legume production is to be realised, production of the crops in rainfed farming systems will have to be improved.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2011 06:09
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2011 06:09
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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