Impact of research and development in food legumes on production and productivity in the last two deacdes

Gowda, C L L and Pundir, R P S and Upadhyaya, H D and Seymour, M and Ali, M and Rahman, M M and Zong, X and Khalil, S and Haqqani, A M and Sabaghpour, S H and Maythan, A and Mligo, J K (2008) Impact of research and development in food legumes on production and productivity in the last two deacdes. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Intemational Food Legumes Research Conference, 18-22 October 2005, New Delhi, India.

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Food legumes include a suite of legume crops grown for human consumption. These include: chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). lentil (Lens culinaris Mediks), faba bean (Viciafaba), dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), pea (Pisum sativum L.). pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). mungbean (Vigna radiata) and blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). In addition, there are more than a dozen minor food legumes cultivated in many countries. to meet the local preferences for specialty foods, snacks, etc. For all food legumes together. the global trend from 1985-2004 indicated 7.73% increase in area, 20.12% increase in production and 11.49% increase in productivity. The demand for food legumes has doubled in the last quarter century. mostly due to increased population. especially in many developing here the poor people cannot afford buy meat or poultry to meet the protein needs countries where in the daily diets. A study of the area, production and productivity of food legumes in the selected countries (both developed and peveloping) indicates a mixed trend in tenns of i ncreased production of legumes globally. However, the trend is not consistent across countries. Area has drastically reduced in some countries, while in others there are signs of increase in area. Productivity (yield per ha) of foodJegumes in_generaL ha£ shown an over the last two decades. The impact of research and development (R&D) increasing trend on production and productivity of food legumes in context of regional and global trade is discussed and suggestions have been made for the future R&D efforts to increase the global production.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Others > Food Legumes
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2011 10:24
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2012 10:46
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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