Adarsha Watershed in Kothapally Understanding the Drivers of Higher Impact: Global Theme on Agroecosystems Report no. 10

Sreedevi, T K and Shiferaw, B and Wani, S P (2004) Adarsha Watershed in Kothapally Understanding the Drivers of Higher Impact: Global Theme on Agroecosystems Report no. 10. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics , Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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We would like to first thank the people of Kothapally for their hospitality, cooperation and support toward the case study. Special thanks are due to Ms Lakshmi, SHG leader and trainer for vermicomposting, M/s Narsimha Reddy, President, WSA, Anjaiah, Secretary, WSC, Osman, Azam Ali and other farmers for spending time with us and providing the nuances of watershed implementation in Kothapally. Special thanks are due to the villagers who made it a point to attend the Gram Sabha (village assembly) and provide insights into the watershed development based on their indigenous knowledge and for their unrelented support to the consortium. We would like to thank M/s Jayachandra Reddy, Ramlinga Reddy of Drought Prone Area Program, Ranga Reddy for the cooperation and logistical support. We also gratefully acknowledge the contributions of all the consortium partners for their inputs in developing Adarsha watershed. We are indebted to Ms Sheila Vijayakumar for editing the manuscript and Mr KNV Satyanarayana for incorporating the editorial corrections and page-setting the manuscript.


A new science-based farmer participatory consortium model for efficient management of natural resources and for improving the livelihood of poor rural households was evaluated in Adarsha watershed, Kothapally, Ranga Reddy District, Andhra Pradesh, India by ICRISAT and partners. The salient impacts that resulted due to the implementation of this model were substantial reductions in runoff and soil loss, improvement in groundwater levels, reduction in pesticide usage, improvement in land cover, increase in productivity and high incomes to the farmers. Compared to the pre-project situation, average household incomes from crop production have doubled. The drivers of this success were: (i) selection of the watershed on a demand driven basis; (ii) higher farmer participation in the watershed program; (iii) good local leadership; (iv) integrated approach to watershed management; (v) team effort and collective action by the consortium partners; (vi) social vigilance and transparency in financial dealings; (vii) increased confidence of the farmers; (viii) choice of low-cost conservation structures that provide benefits to large segments of the community; (ix) constant participatory monitoring; (x) knowledge-based entry point activity; and (xi) concerted local capacity building efforts by all the partners

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Subjects: Others > Watershed Management
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2011 12:18
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2011 12:18
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