Legumes in Nepal

Pandey, S P and Yadav, C R and Sah, K and Pande, S and Joshi, P K (2000) Legumes in Nepal. In: Legumes in rice and wheat cropping systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plain - constraints and opportunities. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics , Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India, pp. 71-97.

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Nepal is divided into four major agroclimatic zones, the Terai (part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain to the south), the inner Terai, mid-hills and valleys, and high mountains (in the north). Soil texture varies from rich alluvial deposits in the Terai to course-textured gravel in the high mountains. Annual rainfall varies from 5500 mm to 3500 mm and temperatures from - 10°C to 35°C. Legumes are important components of Nepalese farming systems and diets. Most of the legumes are grown in different cropping patterns in the Terai. Their yields have remained low, at usually <0.7 t ha-1, because of a range of hiotic and abiotic constraints. Bot ryt is cinerea and pod borers are the most damaging pests of chickpea and lentil while fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic largely affect the pigeonpea crop. Baseline agronomic research on soil fertility management for cropping systems with grain legumes as component crops is required for different agroclimatic zones, especially in the Terai and inner Terai.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2011 08:44
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2011 08:44
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/3460
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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