Habitat site selection, crop damage and oviposition preference by Contesta ( = Haimbachia) ignefusalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

Youm, O and Gilstrap, F E (1994) Habitat site selection, crop damage and oviposition preference by Contesta ( = Haimbachia) ignefusalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). International Journal of Pest Management, 40 (3). pp. 231-236. ISSN 0967-0874

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Studies were conducted during 1986–1988 to investigate habitat site selection, evaluate damage, and study the oviposition preference of Coniesta ignefusalis (Hampson) on natural and artificial substrates to improve rearing and management techniques. Millet grain weight was negatively correlated with numbers of stem‐borer larval exit and entrance holes. Numbers of diapausing larvae and borer larval holes were positively correlated with the location of internodes on millet stems. Survival of C. ignefusalisin dry millet stems is significant when stems were stacked as practised by farmers. C. ignefusalistemaie oviposition occurred mostly within leaf sheaths of green millet plants, rarely on green or dry leaves, and seldom on dry millet stems. Paper substrates rarely received eggs when offered to females in association with green millet stems with attached leaf sheath. The implications of our findings for IPM of C. ignefusalis are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: opposition, diapause, stem‐borer, Coniesta ( = Haimbachia) ignefusalis, pest management, Pennisetum glaucum sub‐Saharan Africa
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Depositing User: Mr Charan Sai Ch
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2011 14:56
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2013 13:28
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/3234
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09670879409371889
Funders: United States Agency for International Development
Acknowledgement: We thank the 'Institut N a t ~ o n a l de Recherches Agronomlques du Niger' (INRAN) In N ~ g e rf or providing research f a c i l i t ~ e s , Dpbo Kondo for his techn~cal assistance, and anonymous reviewers f o r t h e i r very useful and constructive comments. This research was supported by the USAID Grant DSAN/XII/G-0149 through the lnternat~onal Sorghum1 Millet Collaborative Research Support Program (INTSORMIL) and the Texas Agricultural E x p e r ~ m e n tS tation (Texas A&M University System). This manuscript was approved as a journal article JA No. 1523 by ICRISAT.
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