Pearl millet germplasm at ICRISAT genebank - status and impact

Upadhyaya, H D and Reddy, K N and Gowda, C L L (2007) Pearl millet germplasm at ICRISAT genebank - status and impact. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research, 3. 5pp.. ISSN 0973-3094

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Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is an important food and forage crop in Africa and Asia, and forage in Americas. It is probably the world’s hardiest crop and has great potential because of its suitability to the extreme limits of agriculture. It is mainly cultivated in Niger, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Togo, Ghana, Mali, Senegal, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Sudan, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa in Africa; and India, Pakistan and Yemen in Asia. The success in crop improvement programs depends largely on the extent of genetic variability available to the researchers. Pearl millet is endowed with enormous genetic variability for various morphological traits, yield components, adaptation and quality traits. In ensuring that the plant breeders will have genetic resources for use in plant breeding programs, collection, conservation, characterization, evaluation, documentation and distribution of plant genetic resources is very important. Large efforts were made to collect and conserve the pearl millet diversity before it is lost forever. In this article, we have summarized the current status of pearl millet germplasm assembled in the genebank at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and discussed its impact.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2011 05:06
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2011 05:06
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Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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