Public-private partnership and impact of ICRISAT’s pearl millet hybrid parents research

Mula, R P and Rai, K N and Kulkarni, V N and Singh, A K (2007) Public-private partnership and impact of ICRISAT’s pearl millet hybrid parents research. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research, 5 (1). pp. 1-5.

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Genetic improvement of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) at the International Crops Research for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) initially had greater emphasis on population improvement and development of open-pollinated varieties (OPVs) compared to hybrids and hybrid parents development. By late 1990s, a significant decline in OPV development occurred in the Institute’s research program in the Asia region (Rai et al. 2006), where India accounts for more than 90% of total pearl millet area (10.5 million ha) in the region. Greater emphasis was placed on hybrid parents development to align the research focus of the institute with the regional priority of the national agricultural research systems (NARS) and the rapidly expanding private seed sector. A stronger interaction with the Indian NARS, largely under the umbrella of ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)-ICRISAT Research Partnership was formulated. The interaction with the private seed sector remained informal and passive, although it continued to derive immense economic benefits from ICRISAT’s research products. With a view primarily to engage the private sector in more active partnership to hasten the pace and scale of impact, and to generate research fund to provide partial support to pearl millet improvement research at ICRISAT, a consortium model was conceptualized as the most appropriate among various partnership models, which became effective in 2000 (Gowda et al. 2003). This paper presents the evolution of this consortium, and examines the impact of ICRISAT’s research in terms of strengthening the research programs of ICRISAT, NARS and the private sector, on-farm hybrid cultivar diversity, and increasing participation of the private sector in the documentation of achievements of research and development activities.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2011 08:44
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2011 08:44
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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