Commercialization Prospects for Sorghum and Pearl Millet in Tanzania. Working Paper Series no. 7

Rohrbach, D D and Kiriwaggulu, J A B (2001) Commercialization Prospects for Sorghum and Pearl Millet in Tanzania. Working Paper Series no. 7. Working Paper. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Bulawayo, Zimbabawe.

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Tanzania produces over 5000,000 t of sorghum and 2000,000 t of pearl millet per year. Yet virtually the entire production is subsistence-orienated. The lack of commercial market as limited farmer interest in improving crop management, and average sorghum and pearl millet yields have changed little over the past 15 years. This report analyzes the prospects for expanding commercial utilization of these crops. On the basis of a utilization survey, a review of price data, and discussions with industry representatives, it appears that the best opportunity for expanding the use of sorghum is in the opaque beer brewing industry. A target of 75% substitution over the next 5 years would create a demand for 1800 t per year of high quality white sorghum. According to industry representatives, the main constraint limiting the use of sorghum and pearl millet in animal feeds is the relative grain price. If sorghum is available at competitive price, 5 years from now it could account for at least 5% of the grain used by the industry, or 5000 t per year. The potential size of the market for milled sorghum and pearl millet meal is difficult to estimate, because of uncertainty about the strength of consumer preferences for alternative grains. Nonetheless, the milling industry can set a target of replacing perhaps 5 % of the maize meal sold in Dar es Salaam with sorghum meal, generating a demand for more than 20,000 t of grain per year. The prospects for pearl millet are less favorable than for sorghum given its generally higher price and lower yields and labor productivity. However, there may be small market niche for pearl millet-based meals, particularly in communities drawn from pearl millet production zones. The milling industry could test this market with an initial throughput of 500 to 1000 t of pearl millet grain per year.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2011 05:24
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2011 04:48
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