Impact of ICRISAT research on sorghum midge on Australian agriculture

Brennan, J P and Bantilan, M C S and Sharma, H C and Reddy, B V S (2004) Impact of ICRISAT research on sorghum midge on Australian agriculture. Documentation. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics , Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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We would like to acknowledge the financial assistance provided by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) for this project (IAP/ 1995/114). The role of Dr Jeff Davis, for his efforts to develop and arrange the project, is gratefully acknowledged. We acknowledge the assistance of a number of researchers in Australia who provided information and found time for discussions on the role that ICRISAT has played in crop improvement programs. In particular, we would like to acknowledge Bob Henzell, Bernie Franzman and Brian Hare for assistance with survey responses. We are also very grateful to ICRISAT staff who freely gave their time and resources to provide information and data for this study. We would particularly like to thank John Stenhouse and BL Agrawal for helpful discussions and for reviewing this manuscript.


The most significant contribution from ICRISAT to Australian agriculture has been the introduction of improved sorghum midge (Stenodiplosis sorghicola) resistant lines combining desirable white grain and tan plant color through material such as ICSV 197, ICSV 745 and PM 13654. Overall, Australia has received significant benefits from ICRISAT's research on midge resistance in sorghum, at an average of A$1.14 million yr-1.This is an example of international agricultural research output aimed at improving productivity in developing countries also having spillover benefits in developed countries. The spillover impacts in Australia from genetic materials developed and dis-tributed through ICRISAT were analyzed in two levels. The first level is the identification of anticipated spillover benefits in terms of cost reduction for sorghum. The second level is the incorporation of price effects of international agricultural research for this crop. The price effects resulting from successful ICRISAT research were found to be significant. The lower prices for sor- ghum, as a result of increased production led to income reductions for Australian producers, and these were partly offset by the increased yields. The gains for the Australian consumers of these grains (ie, the Australian livestock sector) from the lower prices were significant, so that overall Australia made net gains from the impact of ICRISAT’s sorghum research. These findings have important implications for international agricultural research, and recognition of these can assist in informed decision-making for research resources allocation and planning, and is likely to result in a more efficient and cooperative system worldwide.

Item Type: Monograph (Documentation)
Series Name: Impact Series No. 11
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2011 05:58
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2014 07:18
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