QTL mapping of stay-green in two sorghum recombinant inbred populations

Haussmann, B I G and Mahalakshmi, V and Reddy, B V S and Seetharama, N and Hash, C T and Geiger, H H (2002) QTL mapping of stay-green in two sorghum recombinant inbred populations. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 106 (1). pp. 133-142.

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The stay-green trait is a reported component of tolerance to terminal drought stress in sorghum. To map quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for stay-green, two sorghum recombinant inbred populations (RIPs) of 226 F3:5 lines each were developed from crosses (1) IS9830 × E36-1 and (2) N13 × E36-1. The common parental line, E36-1 of Ethiopian origin, was the stay-green trait source. The genetic map of RIP 1 had a total length of 1,291 cM, with 128 markers (AFLPs, RFLPs, SSRs and RAPDs) distributed over ten linkage groups. The map of RIP 2 spanned 1,438 cM and contained 146 markers in 12 linkage groups. The two RIPs were evaluated during post-rainy seasons at Patancheru, India, in 1999/2000 (RIP 2) and 2000/2001 (RIP 1). The measures of staygreen mapped were the green leaf area percentages at 15, 30 and 45 days after flowering (% GL15, % GL30 and % GL45, respectively). Estimated repeatabilities for % GL15, % GL30 and % GL45 amounted to 0.89, 0.81 and 0.78 in RIP 1, and 0.91, 0.88 and 0.85 in RIP 2, respectively. The number of QTLs for the three traits detected by composite interval mapping ranged from 5 to 8, explaining 31% to 42% of the genetic variance. In both RIPs, both parent lines contributed stay-green alleles. Across the three measures of the stay-green trait, three QTLs on linkage groups A, E and G were common to both RIPs, with the stay-green alleles originating from E36-1. These QTLs were therefore consistent across the tested genetic backgrounds and years. After QTL validation across sites and verification of the general benefit of the stay-green trait for grain yield performance and stability in the target areas, the corresponding chromosomal regions could be candidates for marker-assisted transfer of stay-green into elite materials

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2011 03:09
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2011 03:09
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/1603
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org10.1007/s00122-002-1012-3
Funders: BMZ, German Research Foundation
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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