Managing and Enhancing the Use of Germplasm – Strategies and Methodologies

Upadhyaya, H D and Gowda, C L L (2009) Managing and Enhancing the Use of Germplasm – Strategies and Methodologies. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.

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Genebanks conserve a large number of ex situ collections that form the backbone of crop improvement programs. The technical manual of procedures and operations of the genebank is an essential document that provides the practices and procedures for various genebank operations. In the first such attempt at ICRISAT, a “Manual of Genebank Operations and Procedures” was published in 2000. The manual was edited by N Kameswara Rao and PJ Bramel. Since then, significant progress has been made globally, and at ICRISAT particularly in research on enhancing use of genetic resources in crop improvement. The concept of mini core collection, postulated by ICRISAT scientists, is now part of the International Public Goods and serves as a gateway for increasing germplasm use. The areas of assessment of diversity using both phenotypic and molecular characterization and identification of trait-specific germplasm for use by crop improvement programs are now a major focus of research at ICRISAT. The changes occurring at the global level, particularly since the implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which came into force in June 2004, and meant for enhancing the sharing of germplasm and related information, has added a new dimension to the paradigm. All these, and the recommendations by the Internal Audit of ICRISAT, prompted us to revise the genebank manual and present it in its current form. We do hope that this publication will be helpful to the people dealing with the genetic resources of our five mandate crops and six small millets and to numerous other people who work on other crops. We sincerely acknowledge the contributions of the editors of the earlier version of the manual, and other genetic resources’ staff, past and present.

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2011 05:11
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2011 05:11
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