Estimating the potential to close yield gaps through increased efficiency of chickpea production in Ethiopia

Kumar, S and Das, A and Hauser, M and Muricho, G and Degefu, T and Fikre, A and Ojiewo, C and Ferede, S and Varshney, R K (2022) Estimating the potential to close yield gaps through increased efficiency of chickpea production in Ethiopia. Food Security, 14. pp. 1241-1258. ISSN 1876-4525

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Improved cultivars and agronomic practices have significantly increased chickpea production in Ethiopia in recent decades. Enhanced availability of chickpeas in Ethiopia, therefore, contributes to food, nutrition, and income security of the country. However, we know relatively little about the extent to which farmers have harnessed the full potential of these improved technologies. In this paper, we compare the technical efficiencies and technological gap ratios of chickpea farming in three major chickpea-producing areas of Ethiopia using a two-step meta frontier model. Based on regionally representative data from 681 chickpea-growing farm households in the three regions, we show regional differences in the technical efficiencies, technological gap ratios, and meta technical efficiencies (MTEs). We examined the drivers of these different production levels and identified ways to increase chickpea production while minimizing yield gaps. Improving technical efficiency through improving farmers’ access to improved seed, offering farmers need-based and gender-responsive extension support, encouraging their participation in technology development programs, and appropriate rainwater management would all contribute to harnessing the full potential of improved chickpea cultivars in Ethiopia.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Center of Excellence in Genomics and Systems Biology
Global Research Program - Enabling Systems Transformation
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chickpea production, Technical efficiency, Stochastic meta-frontier, Technology gap, Yield gap, Potential production loss, Ethiopia
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Ethiopia
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2023 08:17
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2023 08:17
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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