Crop Microbiome for Sustainable Agriculture in Special Reference to Nanobiology

Sambangi, P and Srinivas, V and Gopalakrishnan, S (2023) Crop Microbiome for Sustainable Agriculture in Special Reference to Nanobiology. In: Plant Microbiome for Plant Productivity and Sustainable Agriculture. Microorganisms for Sustainability (37). Springer, Singapore, pp. 81-97. ISBN 978-981-19-5029-2

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The microbial population surrounding plant is regarded as the crop microbiome and they are essential in crop development and sustenance. Specifically, the plant growth-promoting microbes play a key role as growth enhancers and disease suppressors. These plants associated microbiomes are often considered as one of the essential agricultural components toward an enhanced crop yield. This has led to a wide range of nanotechnological applications on the agricultural systems to boost crop output. In this scenario, the nanoparticles are largely seen interacting with the crop microbiomes and the plant systems. Hence, in the present chapter, the role and response of these crop microbiomes and nanoparticles will be discussed in detail. From the point of application of these nanoparticles, their effect on the plant growth-promoting bacterial systems and to their biosynthesis utilizing the crop microbiomes will be explored. Nanomaterials interaction with root colonizing microbes often promised enhanced plant health during both abiotic and biotic stress conditions through rhizobacterial metabolite changes. Nanotechnology, being a new frontier in the modern agriculture practices, the challenges of nanoparticle dosage, cost efficiency, and their footprint in the agricultural soils over a long time was one of the vital areas to observe. On the other hand, nanoparticles are widely reported to enhance the plant growth-promoting and defense traits of the crop microbiomes and play a key role in global food production. The present chapter discusses the key features of crop microbiomes, their response to nanoparticles, and together how they could influence the crop yield and biotic stress resistance.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Series Name: Microorganisms for Sustainability
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crop microbiome, PGPR, Symbiosis, Nanoparticles, Agriculture
Subjects: Others > Agriculture
Others > Sustainable Agriculture
Depositing User: Mr Nagaraju T
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2023 08:07
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2023 08:07
Acknowledgement: We thank Mr. P.V.S. Prasad for his significant contribution in collecting the literatures.
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