Variation for Photoperiod and Temperature Sensitivity in the Global Mini Core Collection of Sorghum

Upadhyaya, H D and Vetriventhan, M and Azevedo, V C R (2021) Variation for Photoperiod and Temperature Sensitivity in the Global Mini Core Collection of Sorghum. Frontiers in Plant Science (TSI), 12. pp. 1-15. ISSN 1664-462X

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Information on photoperiod and temperature sensitivity of sorghum germplasm is important to identify appropriate sources for developing cultivars with a broad adaptation. The sorghum mini core collection consisting of 242 accessions along with three control cultivars were evaluated for days to 50% flowering (DFL) and plant height in two long-day rainy and two short-day post-rainy seasons, and for grain yield and 100-seed weight in the two post-rainy seasons. Differences in DFL and cumulative growing degree days (CGDD) in the rainy and post-rainy seasons were used to classify the accessions for photoperiod and temperature sensitivity. Results revealed 18 mini core landraces as photoperiod and temperature insensitive (PTINS), 205 as photoperiod sensitive and temperature insensitive (PSTINS), and 19 as photoperiod and temperature-sensitive (PTS) sources. The 19 PTS sources and 80 PSTINS sources took less DFL in the long-day rainy seasons than in the short-day post-rainy season indicating their adaptation to the rainy season and a possible different mechanism than that trigger flowering in the short-day sorghums. In all three groups, several accessions with desirable combinations of agronomic traits were identified for use in the breeding programs to develop climate-resilient cultivars and for genomic studies to identify genes responsible for the photoperiod and temperature responses.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Global Research Program - Accelerated Crop Improvement
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum, Photosensitivity, Germplasm, Photoperiod insensitive, Cumulative growing degree days
Subjects: Others > Crop Physiology
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Gene Bank
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2021 09:30
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2021 09:30
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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