The Role of Natural Enemies and Biopesticides for Sustainable Management of Major Insect Pests of Legumes

Kota, S and Kukanur, V and Reddy, R S and Arora, N and Jaba, J and Rama, D K (2021) The Role of Natural Enemies and Biopesticides for Sustainable Management of Major Insect Pests of Legumes. In: Biopesticides in Organic Farming. CRC Press, Florida, USA, pp. 207-216. ISBN 9781003027690

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (900kB)


Pulses are the important components of a healthy diet and take an important place in the traditional diets throughout the World (Malaguti et al. 2014). pulses are damaged by a large number of insect species, both under field conditions and in storage (Clement et al. 2000). Among legume insect pests, Helicoverpa armigera is the single largest yield shrinking factor in food legumes, causes an estimated loss of US$317 million in pigeonpea and $328 million in chickpea (ICRISAT 1992). Worldwide, it causes an estimated loss of over $2 billion annually, despite over $1 billion value of insecticides used to control H. armigera (Sharma 2005). Another pod borer Maruca vitrata causes loss to the tune of US$30 million annually (Saxena et al. 2002). Pigeonpea yield losses due to pod borer are 25–70%; Pod fly is second most important pest of pigeonpea in northern and central India, and cause 10 - 50 % yield loss. Maruca is reported to cause 5 - 25% yield loss in pigeonpea, pod bug can cause yield loss upto 30%. Soybean aphid, (Aphis glycines) can induce up to 58% yield losses in soybean crop (Wang et al. 1994) and annually $2.4 billion estimated losses in yield (Song et al. 2006, Tilmon et al. 2011). Legume flower thrips (LFT), Mylothris sjostedti Trybom in cowpea V. unguiculata in tropical Africa causes yield losses ranging from 20% to 100% (Karungi et al. 2000).

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pest Management
Subjects: Others > Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2021 09:59
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2021 09:59
Acknowledgement: I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to Prof. H.N. Verma, Vice Chancellor, India, Prof. Ahmad Hadidi, USDA, USA, Prof. Rakesh Yamdagni, Ex Vice chancellor, Prof. S M Ilyas, Ex Vice chancellor, Prof A.N. Mukhopadhyay, Ex Vice chancellor and Prof. Narayan Rishi, Director, Amity University, India, Dr. S.K. Dara and Dr. Matthew Russell Gates, USA for their valuable and fruitful suggestions during the preparation of this book. I wish to acknowledge and express my sincere thanks to my family members for their untiring support, cooperation and encouragement during the course of the compilation of this book. Grateful thanks are due to all learned contributors for their cooperation in compiling useful information on different aspects of biopesticides in organic farming. Each of them have endeavored to present an update of their specialized aspect; Drs. M. Prakruthi and M.S. Mahesh, India, Surendra K. Dara, USA, Enespa, Prem Chandra, Rishabh Chitranshi, Sushree Suparna Mahapatra, Sudeepta Pattanayak, Siddhartha Das, L. P. Awasthi, C. R. Patil, and Shekarappa, India, Muhammad Haroon Sarwar, Muhammad Farhan Sarwar, Muhammad Sarwar and Muhammad Taimoor Khalid, Pakistan, Vittal Navi, Santosh G., India, Gabriela Cristina Alles, Diouneia Lisiane Berlitz, Maximiano Cassal and Lidia Mariana Fiuza, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology, RS, Brazil, Vilmar Machado, Spain, Subramaniam Gopalakrishnan, Vadlamudi Srinivas, Pratyusha Sambangi, and Sravani Ankati, India, Younes Rezaee Danesh, Iran, Semra Demir, Çağlar Sagun, Solmaz Najafi, Turkey, Jéssica Batista Torres Araújo Oliveira, Cassia Renata Pinheiro and Glacy Jaqueline Da Silva, Brazil, Pradipta Banerjee, Pratibha Sharma, Raja Manokaran and Prashant Prakash Jambhulkar, India, Roohi Aslam, Pakistan, Meenakshi Devi, Suman Devi, Neha Upadhyay, Babli, Upasana Mohapatra, Gayatri Biswal, Deeksha Joshi, Monika Upadhyay, Raghvendra Tiwari and B. Meena, India, ASOGWA Evarestus Uche and Theophilus Chinyere Nkasiobi Ndubuaku, Nigeria, D.K. Kulkarni, R.B. Bhagat, P.V. Patil and S P Taware, India, Naveed Akhter Shad, Riffat Batool and Sidra Sarwar, Pakistan, Desam Nagarjuna Reddy, India, Abdul Jabbar Al-Rajab, Canada, Rajeev Kumar, India, Mara Tabakovic-Tosic, Serbia, Sathish Kota, Jaba Jagdish, Ramya Sree, Reddy, Vinod Kukanur, D. K. Rana and Naveen Arora, India, Simone Mundstock Jahnke and Gisele De Souza Da Silva, Brazil, Hany Mohamad Galal EL-Kawas, Mohamad Mohamad Ahamad Khedr, Egypt, Aparna Shree Singh, India, Fernando Belezini Vinha, Alexandre De Sene Pinto, Kássia Cristina Freire Zilch, Gisele De Souza Da Silva, Cleder Pezzini, Roberta Agostini Rohr, Brazil, Rafaela Cristina dos Santos SP; Brazil, María Alejandra Correa, Massiel Pinto, Oscar Valbuena, Marcelo Molinatti, Domenico Pavone, Venezuela, Jatin. K, and Suraj Prasad Mishra, India., Katherine Girón, Brazil, Matthew Russell Gates, USA, R. Elaini, and R. Bouharroud, Morocco, Noreen Akram and Hafiz Sanaullah Babar, Pakistan, Bugiani Riccardo and Bariselli Massimo, Italy, R. Shekhara Naik, India and Meena Thakur, New Zealand. I am sure, detailed accounts on different aspects of biopesticides in organic farming will be a great help to students, teachers, researchers and extension workers. Last but not the least; I would like to extend my thanks to Taylor and Francis Publishers, U.S.A, their publishing team Dr. Renu Upadhyay, Commissioning Editor (Chemical and Life Sciences), CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Dr. Jyotsna Jangra, Editorial Assistant, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Marsha Hecht, Project Editor, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC and Rennie Alphonsa, Project Manager at Deanta Global along with their team for getting this book published in a presentable form.
    View Statistics

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item