Understanding Omics Driven Plant Improvement and de novo Crop Domestication: Some Examples

Kumar, R and Sharma, V and Suresh, S and Ramrao, D P and Veershetty, A and Kumar, S and Priscilla, K and Hangargi, B S and Narasanna, R and Pandey, M K and Naik, G R and Thomas, S and Kumar, A (2021) Understanding Omics Driven Plant Improvement and de novo Crop Domestication: Some Examples. Frontiers in Genetics (TSI), 12 (637141). pp. 1-25. ISSN 1664-8021

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In the current era, one of biggest challenges is to shorten the breeding cycle for rapid generation of a new crop variety having high yield capacity, disease resistance, high nutrient content, etc. Advances in the “-omics” technology have revolutionized the discovery of genes and bio-molecules with remarkable precision, resulting in significant development of plant-focused metabolic databases and resources. Metabolomics has been widely used in several model plants and crop species to examine metabolic drift and changes in metabolic composition during various developmental stages and in response to stimuli. Over the last few decades, these efforts have resulted in a significantly improved understanding of the metabolic pathways of plants through identification of several unknown intermediates. This has assisted in developing several new metabolically engineered important crops with desirable agronomic traits, and has facilitated the de novo domestication of new crops for sustainable agriculture and food security. In this review, we discuss how “omics” technologies, particularly metabolomics, has enhanced our understanding of important traits and allowed speedy domestication of novel crop plants.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
Uncontrolled Keywords: Omics, Metabolomics, De novo domestication, Crop improvement, Domesticated-genes
Subjects: Others > Crop Improvement
Others > Plant Breeding
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 30 May 2021 05:51
Last Modified: 30 May 2021 05:51
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/11830
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2021.637141
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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