Conventional and Molecular Breeding Approaches for Biofortification of Pearl Millet

Govindaraj, M and Yadav, O P and Srivastava, R K and Gupta, S K (2019) Conventional and Molecular Breeding Approaches for Biofortification of Pearl Millet. In: Quality Breeding in Field Crops. Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 85-107. ISBN 978-3-030-04608-8

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Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] is an essential diet of more than 90 million people in the semi-arid tropics of the world where droughts and low fertility of soils cause frequent failures of other crops. It is an important nutri-rich grain cereal in the drier regions of the world grown on 26 mha by millions of farmers (IFAD 1999; Yadav and Rai 2013). This makes pearl millet the sixth most important crop in the world and fourth most important food crop of the India, next to rice, wheat, and maize with annual cultivation over an area of ~8 mha. Pearl millet is also primary food crop in sub-Saharan Africa and is grown on 15 mha (Yadav and Rai 2013). The significant increase in productivity of pearl millet in India is attributed to development and adoption of hybrids of early to medium duration maturity. More than 120 diverse hybrids/varieties have been released till date for various production environments. The heterosis breeding and improved crop management technologies increased productivity substantially achieving higher increased production of 9.80 mt in 2016–2017 from 2.60 mt in 1950–1951 in spite of declined of area under the crop by 20–30% over last two decades (Yadav et al. 2012).

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pearl millet, Biofortification, Genetic improvement
Subjects: Others > Plant Genetics
Mandate crops > Millets > Pearl Millet
Others > Biofortification
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2021 16:46
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 03:52
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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