Target Population Environments and Pest Distribution Modelling: An Approach towards Pest Prioritization and Preparedness

Sharma, M and Ramanagouda, G and Sharath Chandran, U S and Kholova, J and Irshad Ahmed, M (2019) Target Population Environments and Pest Distribution Modelling: An Approach towards Pest Prioritization and Preparedness. In: Annual Meeting of the International Pest Risk Research Group, Poznan, Poland, 3-6 September 2019.

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The transboundary crop pest and disease (P&D) outbreaks over large geographical regions jeopardizes the food security and have broad economic, social and environmental impacts. The upsurge of new crop P&D, such as fall armyworm; cassava mosaic and brown streak virus; banana fusarium wilt tropical race 4 and wheat stem rust Ug99 are having serious repercussions on agriculture. Climate change is, in part, responsible for food chain catastrophes arising from these transboundary P&D. However, there is clear evidence that climate change impacts are altering the distribution of crop P&D. Such accelerated events require more attention on a greater scale to strengthen food security and protect the livelihoods of poor and most vulnerable countries of the world. A well-defined P&D ranking and distribution will focus on supporting policy-making, integrated P&D management as well as tangible pre-emptive breeding strategies at large scale. Here, we have used chickpea homogenous systems units (HSUs) defined by mechanistic models and geo-bio-physical parameters; over which the P&D distribution and rankings were over-layered. The chickpea P&D severity, distributions, social impact and key drivers responsible for spread on these locations were identified by using meta-analysis. Further, in order to understand the possible risks and consequences of P&D population growth and geographical expansion, the CLIMEX package was used. We aim to compare the pest distribution generic models and prioritization methodologies for emerging regional specific P&D. These findings would support policy intrusions associated with long term transformative adaptation strategies for climate change.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pest Management, Plant Disease
Subjects: Others > Pest Management
Others > Plant Disease
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2020 10:01
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2020 10:01
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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