Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici causal agent of vascular wilt disease of tomato: Biology to diversity– A review

Srinivas, C and Nirmala Devi, D and Narasimha Murthy, K. and Mohan, C D and Lakshmeesha, T R and Singh, B P and Kalagatur, N K and Niranjana, S R and Hashem, A and Alqarawi, A A and Tabassum, B and Abd_Allah, E F and Chandra Nayaka, S and Srivastava, R K (2019) Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici causal agent of vascular wilt disease of tomato: Biology to diversity– A review. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences (TSI), 26 (7). pp. 1315-1324. ISSN 1319-562X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (1MB)


Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is one of the widely grown vegetables worldwide. Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL) is the significant contributory pathogen of tomato vascular wilt. The initial symptoms of the disease appear in the lower leaves gradually, trail by wilting of the plants. It has been reported that FOL penetrates the tomato plant, colonizing and leaving the vascular tissue dark brown, and this discoloration extends to the apex, leading to the plants wilting, collapsing and dying. Therefore, it has been widely accepted that wilting caused by this fungus is the result of a combination of various physiological activities, including the accumulation of fungal mycelia in and around xylem, mycotoxin production, inactivation of host defense, and the production of tyloses; however, wilting symptoms are variable. Therefore, the selection of molecular markers may be a more effective means of screening tomato races. Several studies on the detection of FOL have been carried out and have suggested the potency of the technique for diagnosing FOL. This review focuses on biology and variability of FOL, understanding and presenting a holistic picture of the vascular wilt disease of tomato in relation to disease model, biology, virulence. We conclude that genomic and proteomic approachesare greater tools for identification of informative candidates involved in pathogenicity, which can be considered as one of the approaches in managing the disease.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, Pathogenicity, Biology Diversity, Lycopersicon esculentum, Vascular wilt
Subjects: Others > Vegetable and Field crops
Others > Plant Disease
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2020 04:32
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2020 04:32
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/11407
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2019.06.002
Acknowledgement: The authors acknowledge the recognition of University of Mysore as an Institution of Excellence and financial support from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India through the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, India. The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding this research group NO (RGP-271).
View Statistics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item