Monitoring Rice Cropping Pattern and Fallows in Central and Western Part of India

Vineetha, P (2019) Monitoring Rice Cropping Pattern and Fallows in Central and Western Part of India. Masters thesis, Institute Of Science And Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad.

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India has the largest area under rice cultivation and holds the second position all over the world as it is one of the principal food crops. Rice-fallow croplands areas are those areas where rice is grown during the Kharif growing season (June- October) followed by fallow during Rabi season (November-February). These croplands are not suitable to grow in Rabi season rice due to their high water needs, but are suitable for short season (≤ 3months). According to national statistics there is an increase in the rice areas in Central and Western states of India. The goal of this project is to monitor the rice-fallow cropland areas & mapping the expansion of rice areas. This study is conducted in Central and Western states of India where different rice eco-systems exist. Time series Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) 16days Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) at 250m spatial resolution and season wise intensive ground survey data was used. We have applied hierarchical classification and Spectral Matching Techniques (SMT) to map rice areas and the fallows there after (rabi-fallows), in Central and Western states of India. And change detection was carried during 2000-2015 and 2010-2015. The resultant rice maps are compared with available national and sub-national level statistics.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Divisions: Research Program : Innovation Systems for the Drylands (ISD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spatial Technologies, Rice, Cropping
Subjects: Others > GIS Techniques/Remote Sensing
Others > Rice
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2020 06:50
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 04:48
Acknowledgement: It is my greatest privilege to sincerely thank Dr. Anthony M Whitbread (Research Program Director, Innovation Systems for the Drylands, ICRISAT) for his kind permission to carry out the project work at ICRISAT and Dr. C. SARALA (Head, Centre for Spatial Information Technology, JNTU-IST) for her timely support and cooperation during the execution of my project. Much delightful thanks to Learning Systems Unit(LSU) for considering my application for project work and facilitating necessary approvals. It is pleasing to express my gratitude to my guide Dr. Murali Krishna Gumma (Head- RS/GIS unit, Senior Scientist, ISD, ICRISAT), Dr. Bhavani Pinjarla (Scientific Officer, RS/GIS unit, ISD, ICRISAT), Mr. Irshad A Mohammed (Manager, RS/GIS unit, ISD, ICRISAT) for their exemplary guidance, support and constant encouragement for the successful completion of my project. The patience They showed at my early stages, valuable advises academically and personally, scientifically strong inputs to the project, constant monitoring of my progress, had built me stronger in terms of research and as a human. Their simplicity and sincerity has motivated me to give my best to the project at all levels. I take extreme pleasure to express my deep sincere gratitude to Dr. S. Srinivasulu (Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, JNTU College of Engineering, JNTUH)for his valuable suggestions and constant support throughout the project period. I express my profound gratitude and heartfelt thanks to my internal guide Shri. B.Harish, Assistant Professor, Centre for Spatial Information Technology, JNTU-IST for his constant support and encouragement throughout the course of my project. I owe my heartiest thanks to Mr. Ismail Rafi (Senior Officer), Mrs. Kimeera Tummala (Scientific Officer), Mr. Pranay Panjala (Technical Associate) , and Mr. B Pavan Kumar (Junior Research Fellow) at RS/GIS unit, ISD, ICRISAT, for their suggestions and support to carry out this work successfully. I would like to thank Shri. J. Venkatesh Associate professor and Dr. R.S Dwivedi Guest faculty, Shri. T. Jaya Babu, Technical Assistant and Shri. R. Naresh, Junior Assistant at CSIT for the support and guidance to my project work completion. I am grateful to, teaching and non-teaching staff of CSIT for their valuable guidance, help and constant encouragement throughout the course of this study. I would like to extend my final extreme thanks to my family, and all my friends for their help in all stages of my project work whose names have not been mentioned individually but have helped me directly or indirectly in this work.
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