Genome-Wide Population Structure Analyses of Three Minor Millets: Kodo Millet, Little Millet, and Proso Millet

Johnson, M and Deshpande, S P and Vetriventhan, M and Upadhyaya, H D and Wallace, J G (2019) Genome-Wide Population Structure Analyses of Three Minor Millets: Kodo Millet, Little Millet, and Proso Millet. The Plant Genome (TSI), 12 (3). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1940-3372

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Millets are a diverse group of small-seeded grains that are rich in nutrients but have received relatively little advanced plant breeding research. Millets are important to smallholder farmers in Africa and Asia because of their short growing season, good stress tolerance, and high nutritional content. To advance the study and use of these species, we present genome-wide marker datasets and population structure analyses for three minor millets: kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.), little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth), and proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.).We generated genome-wide marker data sets for 190 accessions of each species with genotypingby- sequencing (GBS). After filtering, we retained between 161 and 165 accessions of each species, with 3461, 2245, and 1882 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for kodo, little, and proso millet, respectively. Population genetic analysis revealed seven putative subpopulations of kodo millet and eight each of proso millet and little millet. To confirm the accuracy of this genetic data, we used public phenotype data on a subset of these accessions to estimate the heritability of various agronomically relevant phenotypes. Heritability values largely agree with the prior expectation for each phenotype, indicating that these SNPs provide an accurate genome-wide sample of genetic variation. These data represent one of first genome-wide population genetics analyses—and the most extensive—in these species and the first genomic analyses of any sort for little millet and kodo millet. These data will be a valuable resource for researchers and breeders trying to improve these crops for smallholder farmers.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Genetic Gains
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genotyping-by-sequencing, Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism, Simple-Sequence Repeat,Kodo Millet, Little Millet, Proso Millet
Subjects: Others > Smallholder Farmers
Others > Plant Breeding
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Food and Nutrition
Others > Germplasm
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2019 10:31
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 10:59
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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