Effect of isogenic-alloplasmic cytoplasmic male sterility system on grain yield traits in pearl millet

Pujar, M and Govindaraj, M and Gangaprasad, S and Kanatti, A (2018) Effect of isogenic-alloplasmic cytoplasmic male sterility system on grain yield traits in pearl millet. In: 1st National Genetics Congress on Genetics for Sustainable Food, Health and Nutrition Security, December 14-16, 2018, ICAR-lndian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India,.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (807kB)


Pearl millet is a nutri-cereal and is grown predominantly by subsistence farmers in semi-arid regions of India and Africa. Considering highly cross pollination nature and availability of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), pearl millet hybrids are becoming a dominant cultivar type in India. Present study aims to assess the effect of isonucleus-alloplasmic, A1, A4 and A5 cytoplasmic male sterility system on agronomic performance of pearl millet hybrids. Five isogenic females each having 3 alloplasmic (A1, A4 and A5) cytoplasm were crossed with 6 male-parents to generate 120 hybrids and were evaluated in two contrasting season in splitsplit- plot design (SSPD). The significant cytoplasm per se and restorer per se indicate the both contribution to most of the traits, however, greater magnitude of contribution arises from restorers (74% grain yield; 95% 1000-grain weight). The significant hybrids × environment shows the mandatory of multi location testing for yield traits while non-significant of CMS × environment interactions reveals the greater stability of CMS. Further, no significant mean yield differences exhibited in A1, A4 and A5 hybrids (2.53-2.81 t ha-1) indicates not any adverse effect of cytoplasm on grain yield and associated traits. Also, diverse genetic backgrounds used in this study exhibited significant contributions to grain yield and its component traits. These results imply the prospects for utilization of potential alternative cytoplasm (A4 and A5) to widen the cytoplasm base together with development of counterpart restorers to produce future high-yielding hybrids.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: pearl millet, sterility system
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets > Pearl Millet
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 09:10
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2019 09:10
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/11282
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
    View Statistics

    Actions (login required)

    View Item View Item